Health

GENERAL STUDIES

Health

Course Description:

This course will be divided in to two separate units. The first will be a Health based nutrition course. This will be taught for the first semester. This unit will give students the ability to monitor, understand, and affect their own nutritional behaviors. In this course students will learn about the function of nutrients, nutrient requirements, behavioral changes and personal decision making that can impact nutrition, and the fascinating science of nutrition.

The second unit of Health will provide students with a forum to discuss and learn about issues that directly affect their social, mental and physical wellness as an adolescent. The unit is designed to prepare students for their journey into adulthood by building communication skills, creating sensitivity to others, and fostering self-esteem. Relevant and varied topics encourage students to make positive life decisions, take responsibility for their actions, and have compassion for those around them. This course is an introduction to the healthful functioning of the entire human organism. Included in the objectives are principles of nutrition, basic first aid, and the effects of drugs, alcohol and tobacco. In addition the class studies units on sex education (with parental consent) and mental health.

 

Texts:

Discovering Nutrition
Glencoe Health

 

Course Objectives:

Student will be able to:

  • Identify food choices, nutrition guidelines, and assessment strategies for overall health.
  • Discuss the way in which the body obtains and uses carbohydrates, lipids, and protein.
  • Describe the role that energy balance plays in weight management.
  • Identify fat and water-soluble vitamins and the ways in which the body uses these vitamins.
  • Discuss the roles that water, major minerals, and trace minerals play in the overall health of the body.
  • Identify the nutrition needs of athletes and discuss the role that sports nutrition plays in optimal physical performance.
  • Describe the various nutritional needs throughout the life cycle of a person.
  • Discuss food safety methods and the ways in which global malnutrition manifests itself in the United States and across the world.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of structures, functions, and interdependence of the body systems and the impact personal behaviors have on these systems.
  • Demonstrate advocacy roles and the importance of working collaboratively for healthy communities.
  • Understand concepts related to health maintenance and enhancement.
  • Demonstrate the ability to practice health enhancing behaviors to avoid and reduce health risks.
  • Examine and analyze the effects of drug use on a healthy lifestyle.
  • Analyze the influence of family, peers, culture, media, technology, and other factors on health behaviors.
  • Recognize emergency situations and respond appropriately.

 

 

Scope and Sequence:

Unit 1: Health Based Nutrition

Food choices

  • Understand the factors that affect food choices.
  • Discuss the six classes of nutrients.
  • Explain how many calories are in a gram of protein, fat, and carbohydrate.
  • Understand where you can find correct information about nutrition.

 

Nutrition guidelines

  • Develop a healthy eating plan based on the concepts of adequacy, balance, calorie control, nutrient density, moderation, and variety.
  • Discuss the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.k
  • Explain how MyPlate shows healthy eating.
  • Recognize and understand the components of a food label, including ingredients, nutrition facts panel, and daily values.
  • Comprehend how to use labels to make healthful food choices.

 

Complementary nutrition

  • Understand the purpose and benefits of functional foods.
  • Explain the differences between direct and indirect additives, along with examples for each.
  • Identify types of dietary supplementation, including moderate supplementation and megadoses, along with the possible drawback of megadoses.
  • Identify helpful and harmful herbs and dietary supplements.
  • Recognize how nutrition is associated with complementary and alternative medicine.

 

The human body: from food to fuel

  • Describe the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
  • Understand how food is digested and absorbed within the body.
  • Explain how your mind, different ways of cooking, and bad bacteria can change digestion and absorption.
  • Discuss disorders of the stomach and intestines such as constipation and diarrhea

 

Carbohydrates

  • Understand the difference between simple and complex carbohydrates.
  • Describe how blood sugar levels are affected by carbohydrate consumption.
  • Identify how much carbohydrate you should include in your diet.
  • Understand how to successfully increase complex carbohydrate intake and reduce sugar consumption.
  • Explain how carbohydrates can positively or adversely affect health.

 

Lipids

  • Identify healthy and unhealthy fats
  • Discuss the role of fat in food and in the body.
  • Explain how much fat should be included in a healthy diet.
  • Describe what can happen if you eat too much fat in your diet.

 

Proteins

  • Understand why protein is important.
  • Discuss the functions of protein in the body.
  • Understand the daily protein recommendations for all life stages.
  • Discuss protein quality and how vegetarians and non-vegetarians can meet their protein needs.
  • Describe the health effects of too much or too little protein within the diet.

 

Energy balance

  • Understand cues that help the body regulate food consumption.
  • Describe how the body uses energy to maintain physiological functions, process food, and power physical activity.
  • Explain methods to assess overweight and obesity.
  • Describe the health risks associated with obesity.
  • Discuss how to maintain a healthy weight.

 

Vitamins

  • Recognize the differences between fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins.
  • Understand what vitamins do in the body, what foods contain vitamins, and what can happen if you have too much of too little of vitamins.
  • Describe conditional nutrients and bogus vitamins.

 

Water and minerals

  • Understand why you need water and minerals, and the recommendations for water consumption.
  • Discuss health benefits related to adequate mineral levels in the body.
  • Recognize major and minor minerals.
  • Understand what minerals do in the body, what foods contain minerals, and what can happen if you have too much of too little minerals in your body.
  • Recognize other trace minerals and ultratrace minerals.

 

Sports nutrition

  • Understand how nutrition can affect your ability to be active
  • Understand the role of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins for athletic performance.
  • Recognize how vitamins and minerals may impact athletic performance.
  • Discuss fluid needs and children’s nutritional needs for sport and exercise.
  • Explain how sports supplements might help or be unbeneficial for the athlete.
  • Understand aspects associated with weight and body composition for athletes.

 

Maternal and infant nutrition

  • Understand the body changes and importance of nutrition during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  • Recognize the benefits and contraindications to breastfeeding.
  • Understand the stages of growth and development during infancy, and the effect of nutrition on these stages.
  • Explain feeding techniques, along with the introduction of solids and possible feeding problems during infancy.

 

Childhood to adulthood

  • Understand the importance of proper nutrition and nutritional concerns during childhood and adolescence.
  • Understand the body changes and dietary changes that take place during older adulthood through the elder years.
  • Recognize the nutrient needs and nutrition-related concerns of mature adults.

 

Food safety and technology

  • Recognize harmful substances in foods.
  • Describe how foods are kept safe for consumers.
  • Explain food technology and genetically modified foods.

 

World view of nutrition

  • Understand the prevalence of hunger in America and the programs designed to attack this problem.
  • Discuss how malnutrition can impact people.
  • Comprehend chronic types of worldwide malnutrition.

 

Unit 2: Personal Health

A Healthy Foundation

  • Living a healthy life
  • Building health skills
  • Being a healthy consumer

 

Physical Activity and Nutrition

  • Physical activity
  • Nutrition and health

 

Mental and Emotional Health

  • Achieving good mental health
  • Managing stress and anxiety
  • Managing mental and emotional health

 

Promoting Safe and Healthy Relationships

  • Skills for healthy relationships
  • Family relationships
  • Peer relationships
  • Violence prevention

 

Personal Care and Body Systems

  • Personal care and healthy behaviors
  • Skeletal, muscular and nervous systems
  • Cardiovascular and respiratory systems
  • Digestive and urinary systems
  • Endocrine and reproductive systems

 

Growth and Development

  • Prenatal development and birth
  • Adolescence and the life cycle

 

Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Drugs

  • Tobacco
  • Alcohol
  • Medicines and drugs

 

Diseases and Disorders

  • Communicable diseases
  • Noncommunicable diseases and disabilities

 

Injury Prevention and Environmental Health

  • Injury prevention and safe behaviors
  • First aid and emergencies
  • Environmental health